origin: This video is a music video from the 1990s. Both the song and the dance that went along with it were quite popular in that decade.

purpose: In this case, there was no specific intended purpose for the video. Music videos had become quite popular at the time for any popular song that had come out (there was a large increase in music video popularity after Michael Jackson).

value: There is more value to this video than someone might originally realize. Dancing in this time became much less about the individual dancers, and more about being a group, and were therefore quite synchronized. This can tell us quite a bit about the time. The majority of social movements at that time were about equality for as many people as there could be (many were separate social movements, but were trying to achieve the same goal for different groups of people).

limitations: Despite the surprising value of the video, there are still a few limitations. One of the biggest limitations is that we do not know how this specific dance influenced the decade, or vice versa (if at all). This being said, we still must keep in mind how the style of synchronization was very influential for the entire decade.

origin: This video is from the 1980s movie “Fame”. It came out on May 16th, 1980, but the movie continued to influence styles for the entire decade, particularly dance styles and dance movies which were quite popular for the time.

purpose: The original purpose of this video was not necessarily the same as the purpose of the other videos. In this case, the clip was a portion of a movie, and was likely purely for entertainment.

value: As this video clip did not come out during the decade, I do not think it would be fair to say that the content of the video was influenced by the decade. However, after this movie, the decade had a long string of similar, dance-themed movies. Because of this, somebody could easily make the case that this scene was not influenced so much by the time period, but that the time period was greatly influenced by this movie as a whole.

limitations: The limitations of this video are mainly that there is no one central dancer, nor is there a specific dance routine. While the style of dancing - loose, energetic, free - tells us a lot about the people at that time, it cannot tell us what a more focused type of dancing at that time would have been.

origin: This video has several origins as it has several clips of various different “go-go” dancers from the time period, as well as a well-known cartoon (Betty Boop) with the same style of dance.

purpose: The purpose of this video was to record a specific type of dancer that was popular for some time in the 60s known as a Go-Go dancer. It also showcased how various people may have danced the same style.

value: This video has value in several ways. In watching this video we see not only dancing, but also clothing style, hair style, and a small part of a popular cartoon from the time. The cartoon was popular at the time most likely because of how similarly she looked and behaved to the average woman at the time. We’re also able to see how one of the current social movements influenced the decade. One of the biggest social movement of the decade was the second wave of feminism. This influenced the decade enough to make the most memorable dance style one purely done by women. They also wore

limitations: The limitations for this video are several. One limitation is that this video only contains women, so we don’t know if the style of dancing for men at the time was the same, or completely different (and if it was different, what it was like or how it would complement the women’s dancing). We also don’t know if this was the primary style of dancing, or if it was an offshoot of another style that had been around for longer.

origin: This video is from one of the “dance marathons” during the Great Depression. It does not specify which one, or where, but the general idea is the same across all dance marathons.

purpose: The purpose of this video was likely to give people an idea of how desperate people were at the time, and how willing they were to be absolutely exhausted for any amount of money and/or food. Anything to survive. We see that they didn’t have a priority of style or form

value: The value of this video is we can see how desperate people were at the time. We can see how there was no specific form of popular dance in this decade because people did not have the time, nor the energy.

limitations: The limitations of this video are that we do not know if there was any popular dance style intended to cheer people up in bad times that could’ve been done more towards the beginning of the dance marathon.

Origin: The origin of this video isn’t specified, but can be assumed as either one or several movies/short films from the time period. This video, or the several videos within it, were filmed during the 1920s, a time period often known as “The Roaring Twenties”.

Purpose: The purpose of this video showed how suddenly and drastically dancing styles had changed. How the clip was filmed also tells us a fair amount. The camera wasn’t always straight ahead, but followed the dancers around as they moved. It would also zoom in on the highlight of the dancing: most often their feet. Since the video does this, it’s fair to assume that technology has progressed allowing them to move the camera around quicker, and that people had become more accustomed to certain kinds of technology allowing them to use it more effectively.

Value: The value of this clip includes many things. One thing that we can see immediately is how the style of dress has changed. How women dressed was probably the most drastic change. They wore much shorter, much showier dresses than they had previously to complement their style of dance. We also get to see how despite there being many various popular forms of dance at the time, they were all quite similar and the same groups of people were dancing them.

Limitations: The limitations for this video are much fewer than those for other videos. This clip shows us four of the most prevalent dance styles from the decade, and different groups of people doing them. Something we do not know is why these four specific styles happened to become so popular at the time, and why they had such little variation between each other.

Origin: This clip is from a later movie - sometime in the 1910s. At this point they had fully entered into the Edwardian period, and the progressive era had begun, however people were still at a transition point between styles.

Purpose: While dancing had become faster and “bouncier” by this point, the dancers still kept their distance and were quite respectable towards each other. Physical contact was very minimal and much of the dancing was done independently of the other. With this in mind, much of the dancing was still mirroring each other.

Value: The value of this allows us to see what many people at the time would’ve done when dancing. It allows us to see how dancing had become less formal, but the dancers still remained respectful of each other’s space.

Limitations: This clip allows us to see one form of dance at the time, but just like any other “artifact” from a time, it has many restrictions. Once again we cannot see who from this time period would’ve danced like this, and we also cannot see what other dancing at the time would’ve been like.

Origin: This clip is from an early 1900s movie. In it we see two people dancing in the style of the Victorian era. Even though the Victorian era had technically ended at this point, it still greatly influenced how people behaved and what was considered acceptable in society.

Purpose: The dancing in this shot and the filming of it tells us a lot about the time. The filming is very basic: straight in front, without much or any movement which shows that they either didn’t think much about camera angles at the time (which is very likely considering how new the concept of film was) or didn’t find changing the camera angle necessary, allowing the viewer to simply focus on the couple dancing. While the piece was most likely not created to make people follow a desired social norm, but more likely to have a video that people could relate to as the social norm. Around the turn of the century, things are often changing. This video of the couple dancing however, was not progressive, but stayed much more towards what had been previously been done in society, and showed people that they could continue with what they knew.

Value: This video not only allows us to see what was considered acceptable at this time as far as male-female interactions, it also shows us how people who would’ve been interacting (people of the same social class) would dress at the time. While clothing is not directly related to dancing, it allows us to see what else would’ve been considered acceptable to wear in public where other people of importance could see you.

Limitations: While this clip can show us what much dancing at the time was like, it still has its limitations. We don’t know which social class was most likely to dance in this style, nor do we know what other styles of dance were prevalent at the time. We also don’t know why this was the specific type of dancing that was picked to show what was normal at the time.